7th January (1918)

Inspected by a Red Hat who took exception to my wearing a comforter outside my overcoat.  The snow has melted into most infernal slish or slosh.

Made an amazing hash of things this afternoon; was sent off to drive a waggon with another man’s horses – result – capsized the whole caboodle into a ditch, horses and harness being immersed in mud.  The Corporal in charge (killed in action later) a quiet sort of cuss, showed what he was made of; in a trice he had taken a flying leap off the waggon over the ditch, and had me by the shoulders and off the floundering quadruped.  He only grinned and didn’t blame me but (wise man) sent for an old driver.  Disasters like that kind don’t make me crestfallen a bit; they so tickle me that I have difficulty in concealing my mirth.  W. has just received his fourth balaclava and was lucky enough to give it away, though to a man who already had one, but appears to be a collector.

6th January (1918)

Entertained by the spectacle of a burning farmhouse and haystack.  The parson discussed the war prospects.  He had just seen a friend, lately in Germany (secret service) who told him amongst other things he must not disclose, that the internal conditions there are appalling, that Germany’s present bid for peace is a colossal bluff and that if we only keep optimistic they must crack up before very long.

5th January (1918)

Got away for a bath this morning and obtained change of underclothes and towel, for which thanks be to Allah.  Great hullabaloo over the bacon being boiled to rags this morning; the O.C. blew the cooks up a great; in fact they got into hot water all round – an element they should be fairly used to.  As for me, I raked out a lot of scraps with my fourchette and quite enjoyed them.  The gun we salvaged yesterday was nothing but a barrel and axle of a 4.5 howitzer yet it is worth £500.  That gives an idea of the cost of the implements of war.  Each shell of a light field gun costs a couple of pounds.  The amount of stuff that can be salvaged is colossal and they’re always at it.

4th January, 7.30. p.m. (1918)

Long and strenuous day.  Up at 3.30. with a party of about 18 men up to the front to salvage ammunition and a blown-up gun.  We rode in the ghostly moonlight through the well-remembered ruined city (Ypres) which in that dim light and encrusted with frost looked like an old ruin.  From the town we then made off towards the lines through three or four miles of country more topsy turvy with shell holes than ever.  There isn’t a blade of grass nor any kind of verdure; every tree is dead and blasted and not more than 5 yards spare between shell-holes.  This, mind you, prevails over a track of country I don’t know how wide, but several miles deep; as if some misguided giant with a broken shovel had dug up the whole country-side haphazard and kicked over everything standing during the process.  There wasn’t much firing but in the air things were very merry.  During most of the day the sky was filled with planes and there were plenty of scraps.  A hardish day’s work carrying shells over a tract of rough country.

Near where I was working is the remains of a wood, looking not unlike a patch of charred-out bush in the backblocks of N.Z.  All water is now frozen 5 or 6 inches thick and would easily support a horse.  The wooden roads that are made all over the place are frighteningly slippery and we had to wrap up the feet of one mule in socks, making him look like a cross between a donkey and an elephant.  I saw a remarkable instance of the accuracy of Fritz’s shooting in the case of a sector of a road which had been destroyed, the shell holes being planted evenly and accurately, alternating from one side of the road to the other.

Cold weather renders gas shells innocuous, as the liquid chlorine etc. will not vaporise, but when it grows warmer again becomes active and dangerous.  Everywhere are traces of bitter fighting – twisted barb-wire, smashed dugouts, trenches, ‘pill-boxes’ etc. and dotted here and there over the devastation a sprinkling of disabled tanks, one of them cocked at an impossible angle gazing disconsolately at the sky.

IWM Q 29795 Ypres

[Image: Aerial oblique view of Ypres showing the ruins of the city, sourced from Imperial War Museum, Catalogue Number Q 29795]

e-19780381-021 German Blockhouses

[Image: German Blockhouses, sourced from Canadian War Museum]


3rd January (1918)

The night is clear cold and luminous, with Jupiter glittering in the East and his amorous consort glowing in the West, as on several former occasions.  Today Fritz has been visible at high altitudes having pot shots at our balloons with ‘time’ high explosive, his favourite anti-aircraft weapon.  They burst in ragged little puffs of black smoke and are appropriately known as “Woolly Bears.”  Tonight soon after dusk he bombed the neighbourhood very heavily and put the wind up us.

The waltzing of the waggy-eared ones at exercise this morning was dithyrambic, but lacked the true Grecian elegance, very few of them having the frost nails in yet.  As a result of the cold weather on chronic sore throats two of the boys in our tent have lost their voices, and speak in husky whispers; but they are great sports and almost every evening, but special request, they honour us with a short duet, “Down where the Swannee River Flows” the melody being just discernible through intermittent wheezes.  Picket last night was rather a freezer, but we had plenty to occupy the time in collecting the hay-nets as soon as they were emptied (if you don’t, the animals munch up half the string of which the nets are made and spoil them), catching straying donks, and endeavouring to straighten their covers, which they also eat and tear about into fantastic shapes.

nlnzimage 10x8-1806-G Artillery New Years Day 1918

[Image: New Zealand artillerymen in action, 1st of January 1918, The Butte, Belgium. Photograph taken by Henry Armytage Sanders.  National Library, Ref. 10×8-1806-G]

1st January, 1918

It hardly seems like New Year’s Day.  The cold discourages one from taking off one’s underwear in search of what I for one am beginning to consider the real enemy, and consequently their ranks get replenished even unto distraction [i.e., lice].  Last night had several rude awakenings, the work of a brass and bibulous band which had watched and wassailed up for the coming of the new year, when they burst forth into the most astonishing set of selections.  No unit of that band, especially the drummer, intended to be overlooked, but was prepared if necessary, to introduce a sonorous passage of his own to emphasise his standpoint.  The leading cornet reached notes of an altitude hitherto unknown and the tout ensemble was such as requires the pen of Christopher North.

I have just heard of the death in action of W. E. Moore, a well-known Auckland Solicitor.  He had distinguished himself as a soldier and been decorated for bravery, and he once paid me the compliment of saying he would like to have me in his office.

349454 Captain W E Moore, MC

[Image of William Ernest Moore, sourced from the Auckland Museum online cenotaph]

29th December (1917)

One of our horses came down so heavily as to break a leg and have to be shot.  The difficulty is got over by putting what are called “frost nails” in the animals shoes and ours are being done now.  These are small wedge-shaped steel plugs screwed into either side of each shoe.  Even my sure-footed pair were performing a kind of mulish mazurks on the way to water.

Talk about lacrymatory gas!  We have a supply (purloined railway sleepers) of very green pine-wood and every half hour or so, when the fire is replenished, our eyes, noses, and lungs have to undergo an ordeal that out to render us proof against anything ‘Jerry’ may have in store for us.  In spite of its various discomforts, the life we have been leading lately is a lazy and monotonous one.  I was quite envying some infantry that I saw drilling today in the snow.  At this game one grows very like an animal and one’s chief pleasure is eating.  The older hands are most of them very taciturn (except for expletives) and unresponsive to the casual remark.  Whereas the songs of the Boer War (Soldiers of the Queen etc) were painfully jingoistic, those of this war ignore the whole business.  Here are some:

Tipperary – Coming Hom – and When you Come Home (Maudlin).  On the Telephone – Take me Back to Blighty – (light and cheerful) I like that Girl – Down in the Valley – Charlotte the Harlot – (all unprintable) Come to the Army (i.e. Salvation Army) etc. etc.  Evidence that when the situation is deadly serious jingoism goes by the board.

We read the peace proposals by the various belligerents with avidity, the very sound of the word peace is electrifying.  Sometimes we abandon all hope of it ever coming and lugubriously discuss the dread possibility of being here for the rest of our naturals.

Footnote:  In World War II bad taste reached its apotheosis in such absurdities as We are the Men – The Army, the Navy and the Air-Force – etc. an exception being Hitler, I’ve got my eyes on you – to the tune of Colonel Bogey.  [Note – this footnote is included in Lincoln’s typescript]